Low-frequency events are more salient, and the salience of an event may induce telescoping, leading a person to believe incorrectly that an event occurred more recently and fell into the specified reference interval. Lawrence, and Kelly 4. Are adolescents accurate in self-report of frequencies of sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancies?
For most of the behaviors, the extrapolated frequencies calculated from the shorter report intervals exceeded self-reports for the longer periods. Because illiteracy is more likely in high-risk populations, this is a particular concern for HIV research. Heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus HIV in northern California: The social context of assessment is likely to influence self-report accuracy. Reliability of self-reported sexual histories: A longitudinal study of human immunodeficiency virus transmission by heterosexual partners. Given that count measures yield more detailed quantitative information 16 , they seem preferable compared to less informative dichotomous self-reports. Study of infection with HIV and related risk factors in young offenders' institution. They concluded that use of incidence reports dichotomies or categorical measures will increase the reliability of self-reports. Active surveillance of sexual behaviour among homosexual men in London. For the same questions, collected with FTFI, retest correlations ranged from. Future research on these questions is needed to examine the trade-off between the information gained with longer time frames and the probable loss in accuracy over time. Discrepancies between self-report diary and recall questionnaire measures of the same sexual behaviour. Further, all 29 dropouts occurred in the confidential condition, and the number of non-responses was greater in this group. Second, respondents may have chosen a recall strategy that is optimal for longer time frames but error-prone for shorter time frames. N Engl J Med. In theory, effects of social desirability and impression management should be reduced in nonsocial, credible assessment settings; as a consequence, self-reports should be more accurate. We review recent research on both factors in turn. The results provided by the two aforementioned studies may not generalize to other populations, behaviors, and assessment modes. Theories explaining racial differences in the utilization of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for cerebrovascular disease. They also outline how research on motivational bias could proceed. Adolescents' recall of sexual behavior: Aust J Public Health. Are adolescents accurate in self-report of frequencies of sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancies? Literacy Skills and Task Demands Respondents vary in their ability to provide self-report data accurately. Whether reference intervals of longer than 3 months yield accurate self-reports requires more systematic research. Would you say you "had sex" if?
Video about sex surveys and their methodological problems:
Sampling Methods and Bias with Surveys: Crash Course Statistics #10
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