A few for months on end and even longer. During the short times while they are in heavily polluted urban areas, being inside the cab of the truck contributes much to avoiding the inhalation of toxic emissions, and on the majority of the trip, while they are passing through vast rural areas where there is little air pollution, truck drivers in general enjoy less exposure to toxic emissions in the air than the inhabitants of large cities, where there is an increased exposure to emissions from engines , factories , etc. This system also allows the company to track the driver's fuel usage, speed, gear optimization, engine idle time, location, the direction of travel, and the amount of time spent driving. The system in use until uses a relative scoring system that is based on comparing carriers to their peers  Concerns[ edit ] There have long been truck driver and trucking industry members concerns over the scoring, the bias, especially to smaller carriers according to a General Accountability Office report,  associated with the scoring when non-preventable accidents are included, the public posting of the scoring, and a lack of state mandatory procedures ensuring that a citation that was not prosecuted, or that ended favorably for the driver or carrier, was retracted from the national database because it it is flawed, artificially raising the driver or carrier scores, and the insurance industry uses these scores to assess risks on insurance. Drivers spend long hours behind the wheel, which can cause strain on the back muscles.
Turnover and driver shortage[ edit ] In , the U. Beyond that, the driver's employer or shipping customers, in the case of an independent owner-operator generally specifies what endorsements their operations require a driver to possess. This accrues to a set maximum usually 6 or 7 days. Drivers are subject to both civil and criminal penalties for violations of this regulation. A CDL can also contain separate endorsements required to operate certain trailers or to haul certain cargo. Idling restrictions[ edit ] Idling restrictions further complicate the ability of drivers to obtain adequate rest, as this example from California may illustrate: Drivers who work in mines have extra health hazards due to their working conditions, as the roads they travel are particularly treacherous. Parking spaces at private truck stops- , estimate Number of trucks parked at private truck stops at night- , estimate Private truck stops that are full on any given night nationwide- 53 percent Shortfall of truck parking spaces- 28, estimate Public rest areas with full or overflowing parking at night 80 percent  One challenge of finding truck parking is made difficult perhaps not because there are insufficient parking spaces "nationwide", but where the majority of those spaces are not located, and most needed; near the most densely populated areas where demand for trucked goods is greatest. An "in cab" communication device AVL unit often allows a driver to communicate with their dispatcher , who is normally responsible for determining and informing the driver of their pick-up and drop-off locations. CSA addressed this and incorporated legal methods for drivers and trucking companies to charge for this excessive time. A few for months on end and even longer. Whether there is a shortage and the extent it is affecting the industry The role of the government in recruiting and supporting a diverse workforce The role of Driver CPC in improving industry employees; skills and professionalism Aspects of government policies which may deter potential recruits The conditions of roadside facilities for drivers stopping both during the day and overnight During February an independent survey on the driver shortage was carried out by a UK freight exchange. Commercial diesel-fueled vehicles with a GVWR greater than 10, pounds are subject to the following idling restrictions effective February 1, With the new electronic logging device ELD rules that became mandatory on December 18, , for carriers subjected to the RODS rules, more issues have resulted. The end result is an increase in truck traffic during the morning and evening rush hours when traffic is most dense, commuters exhibit the least patience, and safety is compromised. Most truck drivers are employed as over-the-road drivers, meaning they are hired to drive long distances from the place of pickup to the place of delivery. For drivers in developing countries there are additional risks because roads are in appalling conditions and accidents occur more frequently. Commercial motor vehicles are subject to various state and federal laws regarding limitations on truck length measured from bumper to bumper , width, and truck axle length measured from axle to axle or fifth wheel to axle for trailers. A driver can only become familiar with locations of public and commercial parking spaces and their capacity and traffic by visiting them. Many major trucking companies require driver applicants to be at least 23 years of age, with a year of experience, while others will hire and train new drivers as long as they have a clean driving history. Prior to the HOS changes it was common for 4—8 hours to elapse during this evolution. Over a third of all drivers who participated in the survey felt that they were not being treated well by the companies they drove for. Working conditions[ edit ] A sign in the US warning truck drivers to stay off a certain route. Class C — Any single vehicle, or the combination of vehicles, that does not meet the definition of Class A or Class B, but is either designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver or is placarded for hazardous materials. The relationship between axle weight and spacing, known as the Federal Bridge Gross Weight Formula , is designed to protect bridges. Specifically, the five-axle tractor-semitrailer combination that is most commonly associated with the word "truck" requires a Class A CDL to drive. Werner Enterprises , a U.
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Driving home after the Polar Plunge (Jumping into the frozen Utah Lake)
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